What is osteoporosis?
Bone is living tissue. As we age, we gradually lose our ability to replace old bone tissue.
Eventually, the density and quality of bone are reduced.
Bones make take on a 'swiss cheese' or 'honeycomb' appearance, becoming porous and fragile.
This increases the risk of fractures and breaks.
What causes osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis usually occurs as people age, and bone mass starts to get broken down as a faster rate.
It is more common in women, because the hormone estrogen declines sharply at menopause. Estrogen deficiency increases bone loss.
What are the symptoms?
Osteoporosis is a 'silent disease' or 'invisible illness'. It progresses over time, with few obvious visible symptoms.
Many people only discover that they have osteoporosis when they experience a fracture.
Osteoporosis can be detected with a bone density scan, and an x-ray (DEXA).
How is osteoporosis treated?
Your doctor may recommend medications called bisphosphonates, hormone related therapy along with calcium and Vitamin D supplements.
Fatty fish, dairy products, eggs and sunlight are all good sources of Vitamin D.